Home > United States > Racism in the United States: By the Numbers

Racism in the United States: By the Numbers

December 31, 2014

In which John talks about racism in the United States.

SOURCES

On average, black men’s prison sentences are 20% longer than white men’s for comparable crimes: http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1000142…

Black people and white people use illegal drugs at similar rates, but black people are far more likely to be arrested for drug use: http://www.vox.com/2014/7/1/5850830/w…

African Americans are far more likely to be stopped and searched (although the contraband hit rate is higher among white people) in California: http://articles.latimes.com/2008/oct/…

And in New York (where the data isn’t quite as good but appears to be comparable to CA): http://www.nyclu.org/content/nypd-qua…

Those wrongfully convicted and later exonerated by DNA are disproportionately African American: http://www.innocenceproject.org/Conte…

Black kids are far more likely to be tried as adults and more likely to receive life sentences: http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/…

Black former convicts get fewer employer callbacks than white former convicts: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/…

Emily and Brendan are more hirable than Lakisha and Jamal: http://www.chicagobooth.edu/capideas/…

On that front, this study is also interesting: http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/apl/9… and similar results have been found in the UK: http://www.theguardian.com/money/2009… and also in Australia: http://ftp.iza.org/dp4947.pdf

Also, this news story has some great analysis: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/25/bus…

High schools with mostly African American and Latino students are less likely to offer courses in Algebra II or Chemistry than high schools with mostly white students: https://www.documentcloud.org/documen…

This article explores many of the other ways that increasingly segregated schools have negatively affected African American students: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/21/sun…

And this story discusses the fact that African American students are more than twice as likely to be suspended as white students–even in preschool. http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2…

The ACP report on racial disparities in U.S. health care: http://www.acponline.org/advocacy/cur…
This (dated) study is also damning: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36… and there’s lot of good info here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_and…

More info on increasing disparities in life expectancy between black and white people in the US: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/artic…

The most recent polls show fewer white people thinking racism is not a problem than the ones I used in this video (although still a huge divide): http://www.cnn.com/2014/12/22/politic… and http://www.washingtonpost.com/politic… and http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/2014/12…

Racial wealth disparity and the role that inheritance plays: http://iasp.brandeis.edu/pdfs/Author/…
Related wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racial_i…

The widening of the wealth gap: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/…

Nonvideo recommendations: I really like Roxane Gay’s work in Slate and The Butter; this story in the NYT http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/25/bus… Chris Rock’s recent interview at http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news…, and Ashley Ford’s commentary and analysis: https://twitter.com/ismashfizzle. Also Kiese Laymon’s wriitng is great, including http://gawker.com/my-vassar-college-f…

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